Chiropractors primarily use a manual and conservative approach towards neuromusculoskeletal disorders.
Manual therapy is defined as a clinical approach utilising skilled, specific hands-on techniques, including but not limited to manipulation/mobilisation to diagnose and treat soft tissues and joint structures for the purpose of managing pain; increasing range of motion (ROM); reducing or eliminating soft tissue inflammation; inducing relaxation; encouraging contractile and non-contractile tissue repair, extensibility, and/or stability; facilitating movement and improving function. It can also be defined as procedures by which the hands directly contact the body to treat the articulations and/or soft tissues. In fact Chiro – practic means done by hand.
Treatments are typically not just of one type or style and can include:
manual procedures, particularly spinal adjustments, other joint manipulation, joint mobilisation, soft-tissue and reflex techniques including Activator and SOT;
exercise, rehabilitative programmes and other forms of active care;
psychological and emotional aspects of patient management;
patient education on spinal health, posture, nutrition and other lifestyle modifications;
acute pain management procedures as indicated;
other supportive measures, which may include the use of back supports, orthotics, tape etc;
recognition of contraindications and risk management procedures, the limitations of chiropractic care, and of the need for protocols relating to referral to other health professionals